Background: The purpose of this research paper is to create a better understanding of the adverse effects supplemental creatine has on muscle function and body composition.
Methods: The procedures taken to understand the effect supplemental creatine has on muscle function and body composition are to understand how supplemental creatine is physiologically used within the body. This includes the metabolic action creatine has on body composition and the role it has in regards to muscle activity as well. Exogenous creatine is used among most athletes due to the attraction that it can increase lean muscle mass as well as help to increase athletic performance in anaerobic exercise.
Results: Supplemental creatine has several effects physiologically and metabolically on muscle activity and body composition found to be both positive and negative. Effects include increases in lean muscle mass, muscle cramps, decreased muscle fatigue, increased muscle tension, and higher amounts of phosphocreatine within Type-II skeletal muscle fiber, and increases in athletic performance in regards to anaerobic exercise.
Conclusion: Understanding how supplemental creatine effects muscle activity as well as body composition can help in determining whether this supplement is a positive ergogenic aid in helping build muscle and improve performance in regards to athletics and anaerobic exercise.