The primary source of energy for most of the world (approximately 88%) is fossil fuels, and each year, countries spend hundreds of billions of dollars on securing these resources. The world’s reliance on non-renewable energy comes at a cost, as usage of finite resources such as coal, oil, and natural gas continues to rise to meet the needs of the growing global populace. Conservation efforts are underway to combat the problem posed by fossil fuel dependence, and at the core of these efforts are renewable resources, such as wind, solar energy, and hydropower. Both Portland, Oregon and the state of Vermont have incorporated renewable resources into their energy conservation efforts with measurable success. A shift to renewable energy supplies is a sound and logical concept, but the high costs associated with installing the necessary technology, in combination with congressional opposition, can create barriers for some communities across the US. In spite of these challenges, utilizing renewable resources is an achievable goal that will have lasting positive impacts on the planet and the organisms that inhabit it. Across the United States, communities tantamount to Trumbull County are successfully transitioning from their reliance on non-renewable resources to effective implementation of renewable energy options, including wind, solar energy, and water; consequently, Trumbull County will remain at a disadvantage economically as the costs of energy rise and resources deplete.